Herschel Space Telescope

Herschel logo.jpg MISSION SUMMARY
Mission: Herschel Space Observatory
Mission type: Far infrared astrophysics
Launch date: May 2009
Launch vehicle: Ariane 5
Launch site: Guiana Space Center, French Guiana
Type of orbit: Lagrangian point L2
Mission duration: 3 years
Mission status: Stopped making observations after running out of liquid coolant as expected, 4/2013
Overview: Herschel is sensitive to the far infrared and submillimetre wavebands. It is capable of seeing the coldest and dustiest objects in space; for example, cool cocoons where stars form and dusty galaxies just starting to bulk up with new stars. Herschel will specialise in collecting light from objects in our Solar System as well as the Milky Way and even extragalactic objects billions of light-years away, such as newborn galaxies, and is charged with four primary areas of investigation:
-Galaxy formation in the early universe and the evolution of galaxies;
-Star formation and its interaction with the interstellar medium;
-Chemical composition of atmospheres and surfaces of Solar System bodies, including planets, comets and moons;
-Molecular chemistry across the universe.

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Chandra Space Telescope
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Hubble Space Telescope (HST)
James Webb SSpace Telescope (JWST)
Kepler
Sitzer Space Telescope
Swift Gamma-Ray Observatory
WISE
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